Frenchtown Mascot


The main species of wolf is the gray wolf, which still inhabits areas of the Northern Hemisphere. When most people talk about wolves, they are generally speaking of the gray wolf.

The alpha wolf is usually the one to initiate a group howl.

Sure and steady,
Wolf keeps going –
Never tiring,
Never slowing…

Two gray wolves can produce wolf pups of any color, and a typical litter may include an assortment of pups with totally unrelated colors.



Who can gaze upon the wolf
without feeling some measure
of his grace and dignity?

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service may determine that a species should be downlisted from endangered to threatened if the population has achieved its recovery goals and some of the threats posed to the species have been minimized.Adult wolves have forty-two teeth — the same number found
in full-grown domestic dogs.

Although there is still disagreement among scientists about the number of subspecies of the gray wolf, the most recently suggested classification scheme delineates five distinct subspecies
in North America:

  • Eastern timber wolf
  • Great Plains wolf
  • Arctic wolf
  • Mexican wolf
  • Rocky Mountain wolf


Gray wolves can actually be any color from white to jet-black, with any number of shades of cream, tan and gray in between. About a third of gray wolves in the northern regions are black.

The scientific name for the gray wolf is Canis lupus. Originated by the Swedish scientist Linnaeus in 1758, the name means dog wolf.

A newborn wolf pup will typically measure between 10 and 13 in (25 to 33 cm) from the nose to the tip of the tail.

All over the wold, wolves have disappeared from much of their original range. After thriving as a top predator in many widely divergent habitats, they have been reduced to such low numbers that recovery efforts to save and protect them have been implemented.


When the Endarngered Speices Act was passed in 1973, wolves had already been exterminated almost everywhere in the lower forty-eight states. A few hundred still survived in the northeastern portion of Minnesota, and a very small number could be found on Isle Royale in Michigan. In 2003 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reclassified the gray wolf from endangered to threatened in most of the lower forty-eight states.